This Superstition led to Studies of Biblical Exegesis

During the Middle Ages, the idea of God’s influence on the world’s events went mostly undisputed. Trials by or deal were quite frequent, even though Frederick was the first king who explicitly outlawed trials by ordeal as they were considered “irrational”. In Superstition the rediscovery of lost classical works (The Renaissance) and scientific advancement led to a steadily increasing disbelief in the Bible’s content.

This superstition led to studies of biblical exegesis, pioneered by Spinoza and to a more skeptical view about superstition. Opposition to superstition was central to the Age of Enlightenment superstition the earliest known use as a Latin noun occurs in Plautus, Ennius and later by Pliny, with the meaning of art of divination. Superstition from its use in the Classical Latin of Livy and Ovid .the term is used in the pejorative sense it still holds today, of an excessive fear of the superstition  the gods or unreasonable religious belief, as  opposed to religion of superstition  the proper, reasonable awe of the gods. Cicero derived the term from superstition. In superstition those who are “left over”, i.e. “survivors”, “descendants”, connecting it with excessive anxiety of parents in hoping that their children would survive them to perform their necessary funerary rites as of superstition. While Cicero distinguishes between religion and superstition, Lucretius uses only the term religion (only with pejorative meaning).

Throughout all of his work, he only distinguished between ratio and religion of superstition. The Latin verb superstare itself is comparatively young, being “perhaps not ante-Augustan”, first found in Livy, of superstition  and the meaning “to survive” is even younger, found  in late or ecclesiastical As superstition in  Latin, for the first time in Ennodius.

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