For dowry UNODC includes dowry deaths as a form of gender-based violence. In dowry about 4.6% of total crimes against women in India were dowry death-related, and another 1.9% were related to violation of Dowry Prohibition Act. The dowry death rate in India has been about 0.7 women per 100,000 every year from 1998 to 2009. For dowry in a 2014 study, report dowry deaths in Iran. In dowry plans are afoot to amend a criminal law that will allow compromise and settlement between husband and wife at the onset of trial in dowry harassment cases, a move that comes after frequent misuse of the provision to trouble men and their near relatives. The dowry proposal, will be made a compoundable offence with the permission of the courts as suggested by the Law Commission and Justice Malimath Committee.
“In dowry a draft note for the Union Cabinet seeking to amend Section 498A of the IPC, making it compoundable, has been sent to the Law Ministry for drawing up the draft billfor the dory case. Now, the dowry offence is non-compoundable and non-bailable which provides for immediate arrest of the accused. In dowry conciliatory effort by the warring sides is virtually impossible.In dowry a husband or his family members are presumed to be guilty till they prove their innocence in the court. In dowry the guilty is punishable with a jail term of up to three years.For dowry section 498A was introduced in early eighties to protect married women from being subjected to cruelty by the husband or his relatives involving newly-married brides. A spate of dowry deaths in Delhi and elsewhere led to a campaign by some leading women members of Parliament pushing the government to bring the amendment. In dowry case A punishment involving imprisonment of up to three years is provided in the present law. In dowry the expression ‘cruelty’ has been defined in wide terms so as to include inflicting physical or mental harm to the body or health of the woman and indulging in acts of harassment with a view to coerce her or her relations to meet any unlawful demand for any property or valuable security. In dowry The Law Commission recommended that the offence under Section 498A should be made a compoundable offence with the permission of Court.
For dowry a committee on criminal justice Reform also recommended that it should be made compoundable as well as bailable.